Sunday, November 17, 2013

Defense Distributed

Published on Mar 25, 2013
Cody R Wilson has figured out how to print a semi-automatic rifle from the comfort of his own home. Now he's putting all the information online so that others will join him.
This is a story about the rapid evolution of a technology that has forced the American legal system to play catch up. Cody Wilson, a 25 year old University of Texas Law student, is an advocate for the open source production of firearms using 3D printing technology. This makes him a highly controversial figure on both sides of the gun control issue. MOTHERBOARD sat down with Cody in Austin, Texas to talk about the constitution, the legal system, and to watch him make and test-fire a 3D-printed gun.

Check out our podcast with Cody here:

Produced By Erin Lee Carr
Edited by Chris O'Coin

Read more on MOTHERBOARD here:

To find out more about what the ATF says about 3D-printed guns, read this:

Published on May 15, 2013

How does the Liberator works ?
The 3d printed gun (all made of plastic with a printer) designed by Defense Distributed is here modeled and animated with Solidworks to show its functionality.
Springs are not animated properly,

Published on May 7, 2013
Defense Distributed has made good on their promise to produce and fire the world's first fully 3D-printed gun. Anthony looks at the impact this might have on our lives.

Read More:

Meet The "Liberator": Test-Firing The World's First Fully 3D-Printed Gun
"Before "three" arrives, a shot reverberates across the overcast central Texas landscape."

Defense Distributed

World's First 3D-Printed Gun Fired on Video
"Can guns really be 3D-printed? The answer to that question is a simple yes. If you don't believe it, just watch Cody Wilson, the man behind the world's first 3D-printed gun, firing the weapon on video."

First 3D-Printed Gun Fired
"A gun has been produced using a 3D-printer in a world first that has prompted concerns that the regulation of firearms may soon be impossible."

DEFCAD Liberator

What You Need To Know About The Liberator 3D-Printed Pistol
"Now that we have confirmation that the Liberator 3D-printed pistol can be fired without destroying the body, let's address what this means for 3D printed weapons and, presumably, homemade weapons in general."

3-D Printer Company Seizes Machine From Desktop Gunsmith
"Cody Wilson planned in the coming weeks to make and test a 3-D printed pistol."

Published on May 13, 2013
Inventor of 3D Printer Guns Shut Down By Government - Cody Wilson's Interview with Jacari Jackson

Cody Wilson's on the air anouncement of the 3D Guns Printer guns anouncement can be seen on the video here:

You can check out the Liberator being shot for the first time on YouTube here:

Cody Wilson - Inventor of 3D Printer Guns Gets Shut Down By Government

3D printing guru Cody Wilson of Defense Distributed announced that the US Office of Defense Trade Controls Compliance, Enforcement Division (DTCC/END) had sent him a letter requesting the group remove all data supposedly in violation of the Arms Export Control Act from public access immediately on his website at

The State Department's Office of Defense Trade Controls (DTCC) have shut down the Austin Texas based 3D printing company.

"I think information will be free, and it wants to be." Cody said May 9th, 2012 when the State Department's Office of Defense Trade Controls Compliance (DTCC) Enforcement Division had issued a take down notice to Austin-based 3D gun printing company Defense Distributed declaring the group's open distribution of 3D gun part files on the Internet potentially violated export laws explicit in the International Traffic in Arms Regulations, or ITAR.

The notice came just days after the group finally managed a fully-functional gun using mainly parts printed from a 3D printer, and aimed to have Defense Distributed take down the offending files and cite their "procedures for determining proper jurisdiction of technical data," data which, at this point the DTCC says, could be in violation of § 127.1 of the ITAR.

"As an arms manufacturer, we registered ITAR, but we thought since Defense Distributed would be a non-profit software company; we could not have to register for ITAR because we were just a software company and not interested in actual trade of arms, and then number 2, we could basically claim a public domain exemption from the ITAR and we wouldn't have to ask permission to put the files up for download."

Gun-related files, Wilson claims, are already regulated and must be permitted before they can be distributed online, but since the beginning, the group has tried to avoid asking government for permission, not to flout the laws, but because they believed they met public domain exemptions.

According to Wilson, the fact that the DTCC cites specific pieces of the ITAR is an indication that they may plan to bring criminal prosecutions of civil penalties against the group.

"So it's not a good day for the project, but it was expected, and we released, especially the Liberator, in such a good way that it's definitely online forever and, especially with news of this censorship, I don't think it will ever disappear. So that's a success even if Defense Distributed or DefCad is somehow indefinitely shut down."

Wilson says the group knew what they were up against long before the project even started by studying the case of Phil Zimmermann, the inventor of the Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) encryption program who in 1993 was under investigation by the United States Customs Service.

Similarly, in that case, law enforcement wanted to see if Zimmermann's software violated federal arms-export laws because the technology could be considered a munition in that, being readily available online, it made it too difficult to determine what kinds of files, transactions and emails were being exchanged and what countries they came from and went to.
As was the case with Zimmermann, Wilson hoped the popularization and widespread distribution of his group's gun files would lead the State Department to reconsider, if not altogether dump, an investigative effort.

"And to me, I understand that this software seems more closely related to guns so it might be a different case, but the parallels seemed pretty strong. At the end of the day, these are just bits, they're not actual bombs."

The frantic rush to regulate the data was no doubt accelerated by Defense Distributed's recent successes -- printable 30-round AR magazines and lower receivers that could withstand more than 650 rounds and of course their latest conquest, the single-shot pistol known as the Liberator.

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